The eighteenth and nineteenth centuries saw a huge increase in productivity in the developed world. With the advent of assembly-line manufacturing, factories and mills made large strides in efficiency and output. This period is often called the Industrial Revolution because of the dramatic way that the growth of industries changed society. As with any other social transformation, however, these changes had elements of both light and darkness to them. And as we might expect, the church took notice.
Observing the increase in child labor, unsafe working conditions, poverty, and extremely long working hours, Pope Leo XIII voiced his concern....
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