The feast of the Chair of Peter has been celebrated from the earliest times by the church at Rome, first on January 18 in recognition of the day when Peter is said to have held his first service with the Roman faithful, and since the Middle Ages, on February 22—traditionally considered the anniversary of Peter’s proclamation of Jesus as Messiah.
The feast recalls Peter’s authority as the head of the apostles, as well as the authority of all those who succeed Peter. In early Christian...
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