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Prayer Resources

The Rosary: A Compact Bible Study

A rose garden of Scriptures.

By: Mark Hart

The Rosary: A Compact Bible Study: A rose garden of Scriptures. by Mark Hart

The Rosary is one of the most well-known and popular forms of prayer that we have as Catholics. Maybe you pray it often, and maybe you never do, but either way you might wonder: Why do Catholics pray this way? Why not just talk to God? And what’s the deal with the beads?

In the early thirteenth century, the Blessed Virgin Mary is said to have appeared to a young Spanish priest we know as St. Dominic. While the roots of the rosarium (Latin word meaning “rose garden”) date back even earlier, St. Dominic is credited as being the one who first gave this prayer to the Church, on the expressed wish of Mary, the Mother of God.

Over the centuries, the Rosary has grown into a timeless family prayer, one that has been prayed by billions of souls in languages around the world. Daily, the Catholic faithful join their prayers and dive more deeply into the mysteries of Jesus Christ’s life through the Rosary. It is one of the great gifts of Catholicism . . . and also of Scripture study. The four sets of mysteries—Joyful, Luminous, Sorrowful, and Glorious—will help you focus your prayer on important biblical moments straight from Jesus’ and Mary’s lives, on truths about God’s love for you, and on the meaning of the events in your own life.

The structure of the Rosary summons you to enter into conversation with God . . . to “put out into the deep” waters of contemplation and gain new insights into Scripture stories you’ve heard over and over again, whose truths will never be exhausted. You’ll begin to feel God engaging you spiritually, emotionally, mentally, and physically. Each prayer acts as an invitation to become a more perfect disciple, like Mary.

Even if you know the stories of the mysteries well, open your own Bible and read them again as if for the first time. Pay attention to the details. Look for action verbs, emotions, locations, numbers, and key characters in each. Remember, no detail is superfluous. The Holy Spirit inspired every word, making it worthy of your contemplation.

The Joyful Mysteries

The Annunciation: Read Luke 1:26-33, 38 and John 1:14
The Visitation: Read Luke 1:39-45
The Nativity of Jesus: Read Luke 2:6-20 and Matthew 1:18-25
The Presentation of Jesus: Read Luke 2:22-39
The Finding of Jesus: Read Luke 2:41-51

At first glance, the Joyful Mysteries might not appear that joyful. Consider these moments from the Gospels: A teenage virgin is pregnant, but not with her husband-to-be’s child. The girl then leaves home for three months; later, in her third trimester of pregnancy, she leaves home again and travels ninety miles by donkey. She gives birth in a cave and hears from a prophet that both she and her child will suffer greatly. And then, to top it all off, years later when her son—the Son of God—is a preteen, he goes missing for three days as she and her husband search frantically for him.

Most people would not consider these moments very joyful. Prayerful reflection on the mysterious events, however, reveals a cause for intense joy. God was on a rescue mission to save you, and that mission included courageous souls fighting through incredibly challenging situations. The Joyful Mysteries walk us more deeply into the conception, birth, and childhood years of our Lord Jesus and also reveal to us a God who is madly in love with us, who will stop at nothing to save all of us from sin and death.

As you reflect on the Joyful Mysteries, you have the opportunity to see the characters from a new point of view. Put yourself into their sandals as they walk. In each mystery, place yourself in the story. Hear their voices. Watch their reactions. See how God’s plan to send a Redeemer unfolds.

The Luminous Mysteries

The Baptism of Jesus: Read Matthew 3:11-17 and John 1:26-34
The Miracle at Cana: Read John 2:1-11
The Proclamation of the Kingdom: Read Mark 1:14-15 and Matthew 6:33
The Transfiguration: Read Matthew 17:1-8
The Institution of the Eucharist: Read Matthew 26:26-28 and John 6:33-59

When you look at the world, do you see it as a place of great darkness or tremendous light? When you hear people speak about modern culture, are you filled with hope or despair? Whether you are an optimist or a pessimist, most agree that the world isn’t in very good shape these days. War, disease, starvation, natural disasters, and financial problems fill the airwaves and leave many in search of answers, of hope, and ultimately of God.

The Luminous Mysteries extend Christ’s invitation to you to be a light in the world. As you reflect on them, you’ll enter into some of the most miraculous and amazing moments of Christ’s life on earth.

You’ll be there as the sky rips open during Jesus’ baptism. You’ll witness water turning to wine. You’ll hear Christ’s voice announce the kingdom of God with authority. You’ll be blinded by the radiance of Jesus transfigured atop a mountain. You’ll sit in the Upper Room, consuming the Eucharist as Jesus’ love consumes you. Look deeply into his eyes during every encounter, and watch as his light still illuminates the world—your world—no matter how dark it may seem.

The Sorrowful Mysteries

The Agony in the Garden: Read Luke 22:39-46
The Scourging at the Pillar: Read Mark 15:6-15
The Crowning with Thorns: Read John 19:1-16
The Carrying of the Cross: Read Luke 23:26-32 and John 19:16-22

The Crucifixion: Read Matthew 27:33-54, Luke 23:33-47, and John 19:25-30

Part of love is suffering. There is no way around it. While no one likes to suffer, it’s a natural part of life (see John 16:33). Roses come with thorns. Children come through painful labor. Holy families (as we’ve seen) deal with hard times. And sometimes we suffer not because God doesn’t love us but because he loves us so much that he allows us to make our own choices.

Out of all of the mysteries of the Rosary, these are possibly the easiest to visualize. They are physical, tangible, and quite brutal. The Sorrowful Mysteries demonstrate all that is evil in man and all that is beautiful in God.

Have you ever felt abandoned or alone? Our Lord did in the Garden of Gethsemane. Have you ever suffered physical or emotional abuse? Jesus did, and he knows your pain. Have you ever been mocked for who you are or what you believe? Christ was, yet still he loved his enemies.

Have you ever felt that living the Christian life every day was just too difficult? Jesus carried a cross too; even he couldn’t escape suffering. Have you ever been humiliated publicly? Our Savior’s torment didn’t end there. He suffered completely, even unto death, and he did it for you.

Jesus was fully human and fully divine—which means that, at any time, he could have put an end to the suffering he was experiencing. Instead he chose to participate fully in it, experiencing every type of betrayal, desolation, and humiliation you and I could ever feel in life.

You have a Savior who would rather die than risk spending eternity without you.

No suffering can separate you from God (Romans 8:38– 39). Even death cannot stop God’s love.

The Glorious Mysteries

The Resurrection: Read Mark 16:1-7 and John 20:1-29
The Ascension of Jesus: Read Luke 24:45-53 and Acts 1:6-11
The Descent of the Holy Spirit: Read Acts 2:1-11 The Assumption of Mary: Read Luke 1:46-55 and Revelation 11:19-12:1
The Coronation of Mary: Read Revelation 12:1-6

Remember, death cannot stop God’s love. Our God is a God of life. He came that you would not just have life but have abundant life (John 10:10). He came so that you’d enjoy the greatest possible life, and that life is only possible with God. He came to earth to get you to heaven, and that is a glorious thing.

Each glorious mystery reminds us that God our Father doesn’t merely keep his promises to us; he exceeds them. Not only did Jesus rise from the dead; his victory offers you the opportunity to live forever. He ascended into heaven, where he now reigns. And as the Bible reminds us, “If we endure, we shall also reign with him” (2 Timothy 2:12).

When the Holy Spirit descended in power, he gave birth to our Catholic Church and ensured, through the sacraments, that we would never be without Christ. The kingdom of heaven has a headquarters on earth, guaranteeing that we never go without Jesus, who promised to be with us always (Matthew 28:20).

One of Jesus’ greatest gifts to us is the gift of his own mother (John 19:26–27). And in Mary’s assumption and coronation as queen of heaven, we are assured that she prays for us and with us. She is calling us to look to her Son, to serve him and him alone.

Heaven exceeds your wildest dreams. Your extended family, the communion of saints, is praying for you and awaiting your arrival. Great things lie ahead! If you open yourself up to the Holy Spirit’s power and God’s grace, then you too will be a saint. You will be raised up, and that’s a promise—his promise.

The biblical passages related to the twenty mysteries of the Rosary will not only guide your prayer but will also deepen your appreciation of Sacred Scripture. The more we dive into the word with the contemplative heart of Mary, the more these passages and scenes will come to life in our lives. As you pray too, you will begin to see just how deeply intertwined different passages and books are, even if separated by decades and centuries. In the timeless mind and heart of God, all things are present.

This is a selection from Unleashing the Power of Scripture by Mark Hart (The Word Among Us Press, 2017). Available from